The historic city of Yazd attests to the ongoing efforts of the hardworking people of desert over the course of its long history. In order to overcome the harsh nature of desert, locals have resorted to ingenious innovations resulting in the introduction of magnificent architectural and urban planning masterpieces to the world.
Among them mention can be made of qanats, badgirs, goudal-baqchehs, sabats, gozars, Abanbars and several other architectural phenomena.
The diligent residents of Yazd have extracted water from heart of the central desert of the Iranian plateau and mixing it with the cheapest material available namely soil, have artistically created the richest mud-brick architecture possible such as portals erected high into the sky, wind-catchers harnessing violent winds, turquoise-colored tiles shining in the kahgel background of the city, dome-like roofs, tall minarets, ayvans and cupolas showing off against mountainous and desert landscapes each manifesting the rich architectural identity of homes, mosques, madraseh, hammams and other historical urban structures.
Although Yazd is the cradle of art, its residents are most skilled in the art of life; living and struggling to live through interaction with the merciless desert environment. As a matter of fact, the art of these people is to transform restrictions into possibilities; the art of recognition, recognizing human and nature; the art of taming a brutal nature and turning it into an environment full of vitality and serenity appropriate for living and creating.
Such an art mingles with science and technology and produces the most precious architecture exceptional on the face of the earth out of mud. Moreover, Yazd is the reservoir of Persian culture in the heart of desert. High values of Persian culture have been honestly preserved in this land and have been transferred to future generations.
Special public and social relations, unique intangible heritage, colorful rituals and ceremonies at this part of the desert located in the central Iranian plateau are regarded as a cornerstone in the geographical culture of Iran. The Yazdi dialect and the original Persian literature have been truly saved in the memory of residents to be handed over to future generations. Many of the fine words and phrases of Persian literature have been precisely maintained in this ancient dialect.
Yazd is an icon of social peace of human beings. Residents have been receptive to various divine religions with a patience that is characteristic of desert dwellers. Peaceful coexistence of followers of Judaism, Zoroastrianism and Islam with the passage of time can serve as a good example for humankind.
The strategic location of Yazd as a major intersection during various episodes of its history beside the wonderful juxtaposition of nature, tangible and intangible heritage in addition to traditional architectural and urban planning techniques, specific neighborhood organizations as well as excellent social and human relations have together shaped the structure of the historical city of Yazd.
For these reasons, Yazd has always been considered as an attractive center for generating appropriate religious and cultural prototypes as well as for engaging in industrial, agricultural, commercial, artistic and architectural activities.