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Iran Public Holidays

Plan Your Getaways: Iran's Public Holidays

Iran’s calendar showcases a comprehensive schedule of official holidays, encompassing a blend of national, revolutionary, and religious observances totaling 28 days. Among these, 11 are designated as national and revolutionary holidays, while 17 are rooted in religious traditions.

The Iranian New Year, known as Nowruz, is particularly notable, as it aligns with the vernal equinox, heralding a period of nationwide festivity and renewal. Although the official public holiday is four days, the associated celebrations often span nearly two weeks. During this time, it is common for prominent tourist destinations in Iran to experience an influx of visitors.

Nowruz emerges as the preeminent holiday, while days such as Ashura, which features the traditional mourning ceremony, underscore the nation’s cultural and spiritual practices. These occasions significantly impact the routine of daily life, presenting a remarkable chance for tourists to engage with the cultural fabric of Iran.

For those arranging travel to Iran, awareness of these dates is critical. The ebb and flow of the holiday season may influence the availability of services and the openness of sites.

At SURFIRAN, we’re committed to giving travelers a thorough understanding of each Iranian holiday. Our aim is to help you grasp the full picture of what these days mean for Iranians, ensuring you can make the most out of your visit. Whether it’s getting to know the best times to visit certain attractions or navigating through the holiday-specific closures, we’ve got the info you need to plan a seamless trip. Stay tuned for our in-depth articles on what to expect during Iran’s festive days!

Iran National Holidays in 2024

National HolidaysDate*Note
Birthday of Imam Ali and Father’s DayWed, 25-Jan-2024Tentative
Prophet’s First RevelationWed, 08-Feb-2024Tentative
Revolution DaySat, 11-Feb-2024
Imam Mahdi’s birthdaySat, 25-Feb-2024Tentative
Oil Nationalization DayMon, 20-Mar-2024
Islamic Republic DayFri, 31-Mar-2024
Martyrdom of Imam AliSat, 01-Apr-2024TentativeSites closed.
Eid-e-Fetr (End of Ramadan)Mon, 10-Apr-2024Tentative
Eid-e-Fetr (Additional Holiday)Tue, 11-Apr-2024Tentative
Martyrdom of Imam SadeqThu, 04-May-2024
Demise of Imam KhomeiniSun, 04-Jun-2024Sites closed.
Khordad National UprisingMon, 05-Jun-2024
Eid-e-Ghorban (Feast of Sacrifice)Sat, 17-Jun-2024Tentative
Eid-e-GhadirSun, 25-Jun-2024Tentative
TassouaSat, 15-Jul-2024TentativeSites closed.
AshuraSun, 16-Jul-2024TentativeSites closed.
ArbaeenFri, 25-Aug-2024Tentative
Demise of Prophet Muhammad and Martyrdom of Imam HassanSat, 02-Sep-2024Tentative
Martyrdom of Imam RezaMon, 04-Sep-2024Tentative
Martyrdom of Imam Hasan al-AskariTue, 12-Sep-2024Tentative
Birthday of Prophet Muhammad and Imam SadeqThu, 21-Sep-2024Tentative
Martyrdom of Hazrat FatimaTue, 05-Dec-2024Tentative
List of public holidays in Iran

Iran National Holidays in 2025

National HolidaysDate*Note
Birthday of Imam Ali and Father’s DayWed, 25-Jan-2025Tentative
Prophet’s First RevelationWed, 08-Feb-2025Tentative
Revolution DaySat, 11-Feb-2025
Imam Mahdi’s birthdaySat, 25-Feb-2025Tentative
Oil Nationalization DayMon, 20-Mar-2025
Islamic Republic DayFri, 31-Mar-2025
Martyrdom of Imam AliSat, 01-Apr-2025TentativeSites closed.
Eid-e-Fetr (End of Ramadan)Mon, 10-Apr-2025Tentative
Eid-e-Fetr (Additional Holiday)Tue, 11-Apr-2025Tentative
Martyrdom of Imam SadeqThu, 04-May-2025 
Demise of Imam KhomeiniSun, 04-Jun-2025 Sites closed.
Khordad National UprisingMon, 05-Jun-2025 
Eid-e-Ghorban (Feast of Sacrifice)Sat, 17-Jun-2025Tentative
Eid-e-GhadirSun, 25-Jun-2025Tentative
TassouaSat, 15-Jul-2025TentativeSites closed.
AshuraSun, 16-Jul-2025TentativeSites closed.
ArbaeenFri, 25-Aug-2025Tentative
Demise of Prophet Muhammad and Martyrdom of Imam HassanSat, 02-Sep-2025Tentative
Martyrdom of Imam RezaMon, 04-Sep-2025Tentative
Martyrdom of Imam Hasan al-AskariTue, 12-Sep-2025Tentative
Birthday of Prophet Muhammad and Imam SadeqThu, 21-Sep-2025Tentative
Martyrdom of Hazrat FatimaTue, 05-Dec-2025Tentative
List of public holidays in Iran

Overview of Public Holidays in Iran

Birthday of Imam Ali and Father’s Day

The birthday of Imam Ali coincides with Father’s Day in certain Islamic countries, marking a dual celebration of familial and religious significance. Imam Ali, born inside the sacred Kaaba in Mecca, is a central figure in Islam, revered especially by the Shia community as the first Imam and the successor to Prophet Muhammad.

His birthday is observed with great respect, involving community feasts and stories of his life and virtues. On the same day, Father’s Day activities often include children showing appreciation for their fathers, emphasizing respect for parents, a value deeply ingrained in Islamic teachings.

Prophet’s First Revelation

The Prophet’s First Revelation is a monumental event in Islamic history, marking the beginning of the prophetic mission of Muhammad. According to Islamic tradition, this event took place in the year 610 CE on the 17th day of Ramadan, when Prophet Muhammad was 40 years old. It is believed that while meditating in the cave of Hira, the angel Gabriel appeared to him with a command from God to “Read” or “Recite.” The words revealed to Muhammad in this and subsequent visits by Gabriel would eventually form the Quran, the holy book of Islam.

Muslims around the world reflect on this moment with deep respect and awe, as it signifies the onset of Islam and the transmission of its divine messages. The anniversary of the First Revelation is a time for Muslims to contemplate the Quran’s teachings and the responsibilities of human beings as its recipients. Religious sessions, community gatherings, and educational events often take place, focusing on the life of Muhammad and the significance of the revelation as guidance for humanity.

Revolution Day

in Iran marks the date when the Pahlavi monarchy was overthrown, and the Islamic Republic was established on February 11, 1979. It concludes a ten-day period of celebrations known as the Revolution Day or Daheye Fajr, which begins on February 1, the date Ayatollah Khomeini returned from exile. The day is marked by national speeches, rallies, and displays celebrating the country’s Islamic heritage and independence, symbolizing the triumph of the Islamic revolution over the Shah’s regime.

Imam Mahdi’s birthday

Celebrated with great joy among Shia Muslims, Imam Mahdi’s birthday Known as Nimey-e Shaban or Mid-Sha’ban, is considered one of the most auspicious events in the Islamic calendar. Imam Mahdi is believed to be the twelfth and last Imam, currently in occultation and expected to return as the savior of humanity.

His birthday is observed with festivities, charitable acts, and gatherings where stories of his life and the prophecies concerning his return and reign of justice are recounted.

Nimey E Shaban
Nimey-e Shaban in Tehran

Tips for travellers:

  • Visitors are welcome to observe and, in some instances, participate in the festivities, which may include large gatherings for poetry readings and joyous celebrations.
  • The main and central streets of cities are typically adorned with decorations and are more crowded than usual. You may encounter heavier traffic, especially at night.
  • Photography is generally permissible during public celebrations, but it’s important to always be respectful and ask for permission before taking photos of people, particularly in religious contexts. The bright decorations and dynamic atmosphere offer superb opportunities for photography.
  • Imam Mahdi’s birthday is often celebrated with the distribution of complimentary meals and sweets in the evening. Partaking in these free offerings is a chance to sample local cuisine and engage in the holiday’s communal spirit.

Oil Nationalization Day

Oil Nationalization Day in Iran is observed on March 20th to commemorate the nationalization of the oil industry in 1951 under Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh. This pivotal moment in Iranian history marked a stance against foreign control and exploitation of national resources.

Celebrations and public discussions underscore the importance of sovereignty and economic independence, while schools and cultural centers host events highlighting this turning point for Iran’s self-sufficiency.

Islamic Republic Day

Islamic Republic Day is celebrated in Iran on April 1, marking the day in 1979 when Iranians voted overwhelmingly in favor of establishing an Islamic Republic following the overthrow of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

This national holiday involves public ceremonies and events reflecting on the ideals of the republic and the Islamic principles that guide the nation’s governance. The day also serves as a reminder of the popular support that legitimized the new form of government.

Martyrdom of Imam Ali

The Martyrdom of Imam Ali observes the death of the first Shia Imam and the cousin and son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad. Struck down by an assassin’s poisoned sword while praying in the mosque at Kufa, Iraq, Imam Ali’s martyrdom is mourned on the 21st day of the Islamic month of Ramadan. Shi’ites commemorate this day with somber religious gatherings, recitations of poetry, and processions to honor Ali’s sacrifice and contributions to Islamic teachings.

Tip for Travellers:

  • Tourist destinations, including museums and historical sites, will be closed on these days.
  • Wear suitable attire during this event, avoiding shorts or revealing tops.

Eid-e-Fetr (End of Ramadan)

Eid E Fetr End Of Ramadan
Eid-e-Fetr (End of Ramadan) in Tehran

Eid-e-Fetr, known as the Festival of Breaking the Fast, marks the conclusion of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting. Celebrated on the first day of Shawwal, it is a joyous event starting with communal prayers followed by festive meals, the giving of charity (Fetriyeh), and the exchange of gifts. Communities come together in a spirit of thankfulness and relief at the month’s discipline and reflect on the renewal of their faith.

Tips for travellers:

  • Visitors to Iran during Eid al-Fitr, which marks the end of Ramadan, should note that prayers are typically held in the early morning in city-center mosques. If you plan to visit the Jame Mosque or other central places of worship, expect large crowds and potential access challenges during these times.
  • Traffic during Eid al-Fitr can be particularly dense early in the morning and at night due to family visits. It is wise to allow for extra travel time and to be aware of potential changes to public transportation schedules during the holiday period.
  • Photography during Eid is common and often reflects the joy and festivities of the occasion. However, respect and permission are paramount when taking pictures of individuals or private events. Always ask before capturing these moments to respect privacy and cultural norms.

Eid-e-Fetr (Additional Holiday)

The Additional Holiday for Eid-e-Fetr extends the celebration, allowing more time for community, family gatherings, and continued festivities. It underscores the social aspect of the holiday, as extended families often use the extra day to visit those they could not see during the first day of Eid. It is a time for relaxation and joy following the completion of Ramadan’s spiritual journey.

Martyrdom of Imam Sadeq

The Martyrdom of Imam Sadeq is observed by Shia Muslims to honor the sixth Imam, Jafar al-Sadeq, a significant figure in Islamic jurisprudence and theology. His death on the 25th of Shawwal in 765 AD is remembered for his contributions to the development of Shia thought and the dissemination of Islamic knowledge. Devotees commemorate his martyrdom with mourning ceremonies and recollections of his scholarly works and piety.

Tips for Travellers:

  • Wear suitable attire during this event, avoiding shorts or revealing tops.

Demise of Imam Khomeini

The Demise of Imam Khomeini is observed annually on the 4th of June, marking the death of the leader of Iran’s 1979 Islamic Revolution. Imam Khomeini’s passing is commemorated by Iranians who reflect on his legacy and his role in shaping Iran’s contemporary socio-political landscape. Ceremonies and remembrances take place nationwide, emphasizing the impact of his leadership and his vision for an Islamic republic.

Tips for Travellers:

  • Tourist destinations, including museums and historical sites, will be closed on these days.
  • Wear suitable attire during this event, avoiding shorts or revealing tops.

Khordad National Uprising

The Khordad National Uprising refers to the public revolt on June 5, 1963, in Iran against the arrest of Ayatollah Khomeini after his vehement opposition to the Shah and his policies. It’s remembered as a critical prelude to the Islamic Revolution that would occur 16 years later. This day is observed with political speeches and gatherings where the themes of resistance and struggle for justice are revisited.

Eid-e-Ghorban (Feast of Sacrifice)

Eid-e-Ghorban, or the Feast of Sacrifice, is celebrated by Muslims worldwide as one of two Eid festivals. Commemorating the willingness of Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God, it is observed on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the last month of the Islamic calendar. This event is marked by the sacrifice of livestock, with the meat distributed among the poor, relatives, and for personal consumption.


Eid-e-Ghadir is one of the most important festivals for Shia Muslims, commemorating the event at Ghadir Khumm when, according to Shia belief, Prophet Muhammad announced Imam Ali as his rightful successor. Celebrated on the 18th of Dhu al-Hijjah, it includes public expressions of joy such as distributing sweets, holding feasts, and reciting poems and speeches that reflect on Imam Ali’s virtues and leadership.


Tassoua marks the ninth day of Muharram, the day before Ashura, and is associated with the remembrance of the last stand of Hussain ibn Ali, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad, at the Battle of Karbala. Shia Muslims observe Tassoua with mourning ceremonies and passion plays, reenacting the events leading to the tragic battle, as a symbol of the fight against oppression and injustice.


Ashura commemorates the tenth day of Muharram when Imam Hussain ibn Ali, a grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, was martyred at the Battle of Karbala. This day is observed with profound reverence and mourning by Shia Muslims. Processions, reenactments, and rituals are common, symbolizing the eternal struggle against tyranny and commemorating the sacrifice of Hussain for justice and truth.


Arbaeen marks the end of the 40-day mourning period following Ashura, the day of Hussain ibn Ali’s martyrdom. On this day, millions of pilgrims journey to Karbala in Iraq, where Hussain’s tomb is located, in one of the largest peaceful gatherings in the world. Devotees reflect on themes of endurance, devotion, and the meaning of Hussain’s legacy for contemporary faith and life.

Ashura Naqsh E Jahan Square
Ashura in Naqsh-e Jahan Square, Isfahan

Tips for Visiting Iran During Tassoua and Ashura

  • Tourist destinations, including museums and historical sites, will be closed on these days.
  • Wear suitable attire during Tassoua and Ashura, avoiding shorts or revealing tops. Black clothing is customary, signifying mourning, so visitors should dress in a conservative manner to display solidarity and respect.
  • Be prepared for changes in daily life: Normal business hours may be interrupted during Tassoua and Ashura. Expect many shops and services to close, along with restrictions on entertainment and music.
  • Public marches and gatherings form the core of the Tassoua and Ashura observances. Visitors can observe street performances, such as Ta’zia, which dramatizes the historical events of Karbala. Though photography is typically permitted, always seek permission before taking pictures to honor the participants’ state of mourning.
  • Travel considerations during these holidays are important, especially in cities like Yazd and Isfahan where accommodations can reach capacity quickly. Transportation may be disrupted due to street closures for processions, so it’s advisable to secure bookings well ahead of time.

Demise of Prophet Muhammad and Martyrdom of Imam Hassan

The Demise of Prophet Muhammad and the Martyrdom of Imam Hassan are commemorated on the same day, reflecting on two critical losses to the Muslim community. Prophet Muhammad’s passing marks the end of his profound prophetic mission, leaving a legacy of unity and wisdom. Meanwhile, Imam Hassan’s martyrdom is mourned as the tragedy of a life dedicated to peace and righteousness cut short by poison.

Martyrdom of Imam Reza

The Martyrdom of Imam Reza, the eighth Shia Imam, is observed with somber ceremonies and pilgrimage to his shrine in Mashhad, Iran. Considered by Shias as a symbol of knowledge and tolerance, his death is traditionally attributed to poisoning by the Abbasid Caliph Al-Ma’mun. On this day, participants engage in poetry recitation and storytelling that eulogize Imam Reza’s virtues.

Tips for Travellers:

  • On this day, the city of Mashhad will be crowded.
  • Wear suitable attire, avoiding shorts or revealing tops. Black clothing is customary, signifying mourning, so visitors should dress in a conservative manner to display solidarity and respect.

Martyrdom of Imam Hasan al-Askari

The Martyrdom of Imam Hasan al-Askari, the eleventh Shia Imam, is observed on the 8th of Rabi’ al-awwal. His death is particularly significant to Shias, who believe his son, Imam Mahdi, was hidden by God and will return as the Mahdi, or guided one. The day is marked by religious gatherings and sermons where the life and times of Imam Hasan al-Askari are reviewed, and his contribution to Islamic theology is discussed.

Tips for Travellers:

  • Wear suitable attire during this event, avoiding shorts or revealing tops.

Birthday of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq

The birthday of Prophet Muhammad, which coincides with that of Imam Sadeq, the sixth Shia Imam, is celebrated with great reverence and joy. This occasion, falling on the 17th of Rabi’ al-awwal, features communal feasts, decorations, and recitations of poetry and stories highlighting their lives and teachings, as Muslims express gratitude for their guidance and wisdom.

Martyrdom of Hazrat Fatima

The Martyrdom of Hazrat Fatima is observed by Shia Muslims to mourn the death of the daughter of Prophet Muhammad. Considered a tragic event, her death is believed to have occurred shortly after the passing of her father, under contested circumstances. The day is observed with mourning ceremonies where Shia faithful gather to remember her life, virtues, and the suffering she endured.

Tips for Travellers:

  • Wear suitable attire during this event, avoiding shorts or revealing tops.
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SURFIRAN Editorial Team

SURFIRAN is an Iranian tour operator and travel agency offering tour packages to those interested in Iran. It provides the tourists with services needed to travel to Iran, offers tours across the country, and assists the tourists in obtaining Iranian visas.

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