In the desert city of Yazd, there lies an ancient village named Kharanaq, boasting a remarkable history of 4,500 years. This village represents a less-observed aspect of Yazd’s rich history. Historically, Kharanaq has been home to many of Yazd’s residents. Unique structures, evolving over centuries, mark every corner of this village.
Location of Kharanaq on Google Maps
As a popular destination for Western tourists in Iran, Kharanaq has caught the attention of SURFIRAN. Join us on a journey to the birthplace of the sun, the village of Kharanaq in Yazd.
Yazd: A Showcase of Iranian Art and Culture
Yazd has always been a showcase of Iranian architecture and culture. When discussing the civilization and history of Iran, Yazd emerges as a testament to our origins.
In this article, we delve into the 4,500-year-old village of Kharanaq in Yazd. Due to its historical significance, Kharanaq stands as one of Iran’s most valuable sights. The village was first mentioned in reports by Zoroastrian priests around 24 Hijri Shamsi, coinciding with the twelfth year of Yazdegerd III’s reign, serving as a rest stop for traders and travelers.
Population and Economy of Kharanaq
Today, 145 households reside in Kharanaq, Yazd. The primary occupations are agriculture and animal husbandry. The village’s economic importance is underscored by its rich deposits of iron, uranium, barite, zinc, and granite.
A variety of wildlife, including cheetahs, rams, ewes, goats, wildcats, rabbits, and foxes, inhabit this desert village, along with birds like pheasants, partridges, desert larks, horned larks, and hoopoes.
Stargazing in the Desert
Visiting Kharanaq and staying overnight? Prepare for a starlit sky so dense, it feels unbelievable. For accommodation, consider the restored Kharanaq Caravanserai, offering an immersive experience in Iran’s desert heartland. Alternatively, book a hotel in Yazd city, depending on your travel preferences.
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Kharanaq: A Tourist Destination
While many associate Yazd with its endless deserts, the village of Kharanaq, with its 4,500-year legacy, is an equally significant site. This village is so central to European tourists’ perception of Iran that it springs to mind at the mention of the country.
Known locally in Yazd as Khuranaq, which translates to ‘birthplace of the sun,’ Kharanaq offers a glimpse into two facets of life: the quiet, traditional village life and the simple, sweet life of its residents.
Best Time to Visit Kharanaq
The best time to visit Kharanaq in Yazd is during the spring and early summer months. During these seasons, the weather in Kharanaq is cooler and more temperate compared to other areas in the province. However, if you plan to visit in winter, remember to bring warm clothing to stay comfortable.
Attractions in Kharanaq
This castle dates back to the post-Islamic era, roughly 1,800 years ago, and stands as one of Yazd’s largest residential castles.
Surrounded by moats and fortified with walls and watchtowers, the castle’s 80 homes reflect the economic and social status of their inhabitants. This structure was registered as a national heritage site on 24 Esfand 1383.
Kharanaq Shaking Minaret
Unlike the famous shaking minaret in Isfahan, Kharanaq has its own, dating back to the Sassanian era. This 15-meter-tall, three-story minaret was used for surveillance and as a lighthouse by the people of Kharanaq.
Dating back to the Qajar era, this bathhouse is strategically located near the village’s caravanserai and agricultural lands, utilizing the water from the qanat system.
Kharanaq Jameh Mosque
Dating back to the 8th to 10th centuries Hijri Qamari, the mosque and Husseiniyah of Kharanaq are primarily made of mud-brick, with some sections featuring brickwork.
Kharanaq boasts two ancient water mills, one inside and one outside the castle, estimated to be 140 years old.
Get to Kharanaq
Located 85 kilometers from Yazd city, reach Kharanaq via the Ardakan-Tabas road, with a 50-kilometer journey. For those traveling from Tehran to Yazd, consider flying to Yazd to save energy for exploring the city.
Public buses or shared taxis might be available but are less frequent and may not be as convenient as private transport.