AttractionsDestinationsIran TourismQazvin

Qazvin’s Jameh Mosque

A Timeless Architectural Masterpiece

Qazvin’s Jameh Mosque stands as one of Iran’s oldest congregational mosques, embodying the rich cultural and historical tapestry of the Islamic era in Iran. Mosques hold a distinguished place in Iran’s Islamic culture, often serving as both places of worship and historical landmarks. This duality is evident in cities across Iran, where you can discover mosques built with breathtaking magnificence, showcasing the nation’s culture and history. Among these, the Jameh Mosque of Qazvin captures the essence of Iran’s architectural brilliance and historical depth.

Qazvin: A City of Historical Wonders

While Qazvin is renowned for the Alamut Castle, a historic fortress set amidst stunning natural landscapes, the city is home to other significant historical structures, including the Jameh Mosque. Known for its long history and as one of the oldest congregational mosques in Iran, it attracts those keen on exploring beautiful architectures. The mosque offers a glimpse into the Seljuk era’s architectural feats, presenting a detailed showcase of Iranian architectural art.

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Architectural Marvel of the Seljuk Era

Qazvin's Jameh Mosque
Ceiling of Jameh Mosque of Qazvin, Iran

The Jameh Mosque of Qazvin is celebrated for its ancient origins and stunning Seljuk architecture. This mosque, among Iran’s oldest four-iwan mosques, features unique inscriptions within its dome that are unparalleled elsewhere. Listed as a national monument, it boasts distinctive features and inscriptions, making it a must-visit during a trip to Qazvin. The mosque’s architecture reflects various historical periods, with its oldest parts dating back to the 2nd Islamic century. Interestingly, before the mosque’s construction, a Zoroastrian fire temple from the Sassanian era stood on this site, which was demolished and replaced by the mosque following the locals’ conversion to Islam. Archeologists speculate that the fire temple was likely located in the southern iwan of the mosque.

A Legacy Through Time

Qazvin's Jameh Mosque
Architecture of Qazvin’s Jameh Mosque

The oldest surviving part of the mosque, the Haruni Vault, dates back to the mosque’s initial construction phase. Originally a smaller structure, the mosque underwent significant transformations, especially during the Safavid era, evolving into the magnificent site we see today. Despite suffering damage during the Mongol invasion and other historical events, restoration efforts have preserved its beauty and grandeur. Additions in the Seljuk and later periods enriched its architectural complexity, with schools, Sufi lodges, and scriptural inscriptions enhancing its historical and cultural significance.

The Four-Iwan Grandeur

Qazvin's Jameh Mosque
Entrance of Jameh Mosque of Qazvin, Iran

The mosque’s expansive courtyard, covering 4,000 square meters, is among the largest in Iran, featuring four grand iwans on each side. Unique to this mosque is its underground prayer hall alongside eight large prayer halls that line the courtyard. Visitors can enter from the Dabaghaneh neighborhood, where the mosque’s turquoise dome shines from afar. Upon entry, the intricate brickwork and the majestic courtyard, adorned with the mosque’s iconic minarets and turquoise tilework, immediately capture the visitor’s attention.

In the heart of the courtyard lies a large pool, refreshing the space and serving for ablutions. The mosque’s four entryways and iwans create a breathtaking Islamic architectural tableau. The southern portico houses the mosque’s oldest part, the Haruni Vault, leading to the eastern corridor, made of raw mud brick. Additionally, the mosque hosts two historical museums, the Stone and Pottery Museum and the Latches Museum, offering visitors a deeper insight into its rich history.

Qazvin's Jameh Mosque
Visiting Jameh Mosque of Qazvin

Exploring the Jameh Mosque of Qazvin provides a window into the architectural and cultural heritage of Iran, making it an essential stop for anyone visiting Qazvin. Its historical layers and architectural magnificence highlight the depth of Iran’s Islamic and pre-Islamic past, inviting travelers to witness the enduring legacy of Iranian civilization.

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SURFIRAN is an Iranian tour operator and travel agency offering tour packages to those interested in Iran. It provides the tourists with services needed to travel to Iran, offers tours across the country, and assists the tourists in obtaining Iranian visas.

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