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Jahan Nama Protected Area: A Natural Sanctuary in Golestan

Delve into the Untamed Magnificence of Jahan Nama Protected Area

Located in the southeastern part of the Kurdkuy district in Golestan Province, the Jahan Nama Protected Area spans approximately 38,000 hectares, making it the second-largest protected area in the province after Golestan National Park. Since 1973, it has been under the supervision of the Environmental Protection Organization of Iran.

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Geographic and Natural Splendor

Situated at elevations ranging from 600 to 3,086 meters above sea level, Jahan Nama is located 18 kilometers south of Gorgan (near Ziarat village) and 17 kilometers south of the city of Kurdkuy. The protected area encompasses terrains from the Rabad-e Sefid village in the east to Darazno and Radkan in the west, presenting a diverse landscape rich in flora and fauna.

Jahan Nama Protected Area
Jahan Nama Protected Area, Golestan

Jahan Nama boasts the healthiest and most untouched mid-mountain (foothill) forests in northern Iran. Following the extinction of the Mazandaran tiger in the 1940s, extensive research has been conducted to explore the possibility of this magnificent creature’s presence, underscoring Jahan Nama’s potential as a viable habitat for tigers. The area is home to Hyrcanian forests, some of the oldest forests in the world, with 607 identified plant species.

Cultural and Historical Significance

Jahan Nama Protected Area
Visiting Jahan Nama Protected Area in Golestan

The area derives its name from the Jahan Nama summer village located on its fringes. Featuring ancient summer villages, historical and archaeological sites, diverse geography, and climate, along with mountains, rivers, springs, rare wildlife, and unique vegetation, Jahan Nama offers numerous attractions for visitors.

The 35-meter tall Radkan tower, known as “Mil-e Radkan,” located on the edge of the protected area, is believed to be the tomb of one of the Bavand dynasty’s commanders in Tabaristan, Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Vandarin Bavandi. Additionally, the Ziarat Waterfall is a natural attraction situated approximately 5 kilometers from Ziarat village in the northeast of the area.

Wildlife Haven

Jahan Nama Protected Area
A View from Jahan Nama Protected Area Heights in Golestan

Jahan Nama’s forests are inhabited by trees such as beech, Persian ironwood, yew, alder, oak, and elm, alongside bushes and flowers including borage, Artemisia, primrose, and wild geranium. Predatory birds such as hawks, eagles, falcons, owls, and vultures find refuge here, contributing to the area’s rich biodiversity.

Ground fowl like partridges, pheasants, and quails, alongside mammals such as leopards, brown bears, wolves, red deer, roe deer, wild goats, lynxes, wild boars, porcupines, hares, jackals, squirrels, and badgers, call this sanctuary home. The higher altitudes serve as excellent habitats for large birds of prey and the famous large pheasants known as “Caspian Snowcock.”

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Access and Conservation

Access to Jahan Nama is facilitated from two main directions: south from Kurdkuy and north from Damghan. The area’s elevation and rugged terrain offer unique opportunities for ecotourism and nature exploration, emphasizing the importance of conservation efforts to protect this invaluable natural heritage.

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SURFIRAN Editorial Team

SURFIRAN is an Iranian tour operator and travel agency offering tour packages to those interested in Iran. It provides the tourists with services needed to travel to Iran, offers tours across the country, and assists the tourists in obtaining Iranian visas.

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